The Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) program is for individuals that are selected to move to Canada because of their skills and work experience.
As of January 1, 2015-The Federal Skilled Worker program applications is being handled through EE or Express Entry migration frameworkor program for immigration to Canada.
Prospected candidates qualified under the Federal Skilled Worker Class program should first make a declaration or show an expression of interest for Canada migration by creating online Express Entry profile.
To have the skilled and experienced workers in the country, the governing authorities of Canada have listed some eligibility for every immigration program. Here the following eligibility criteria help to check whether the federal skilled worker program is for you or not. However, it is worth noting that eligibility criteria may undergo changes so stay updated with the latest changes before proceeding further.
The journey from your native land to one of the most lovable immigration land, Canada, comprises some basic steps, which you need to follow systematically.
In earlier days, the processing time was extended up to 44 months; however, after January 1, 2015, the average time is around six months. The government of Canada has brought up many new changes to speed up the processing time. It means if everything goes well, then you can reach Canada within one year.
The government of Canada is all free to change the processing fees anytime without any notice so, take the following information only as a guide.
|Applications||Estimated processing fees|
|Principal applicant||CAD $550|
|Spouse or common-law partner||CAD $550|
|Dependent child (below 22 years of age)||CAD $150 per child|
|Applications||Right of permanent resident fee|
|Principal applicant||CAD $490|
|Spouse or common-law partner||CAD $490|
|Dependent child (below 22 years of age)||No fee|
There are six selection factors for Federal skilled worker Program (FSWP). Those factors are mentioned below:
|Skilled work experience||(Maximum 15 points)|
|English and/or French language skills||(Maximum 28 points)|
|Education||(Maximum 25 points)|
|Age||(Maximum 10 points)|
|Arranged employment||(Maximum 10 points)|
|Adaptability||(Maximum 10 points)|
Your work experience must be in the same type of job as your primary National Occupational Classification (NOC) and that experience must be within the last ten years. That work must be paid work experience else it will not be considered. Your work experience must be of at least one year continuous.
Also your job and the work you have done in the past must be skill type 0, or level A or B to use Express Entry. That is,
Canada immigration programs use the NOC to decide if a job or type of work experience meets their eligibility.
You will be given points based on your work experience as mentioned below:
|Experience||Maximum 15 points|
|6 or more years||15|
You need to take an approved language test to show that you meet the requirement for,
You must show that you meet the requirements in English or French language that means you must be able to write, listen, speak and read these two languages.
You must get a minimum score of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 in all the four above mentioned requirements and also update your test result in Express Entry Profile.
If you have gone to a school in Canada in your past, you must have a certificate, a diploma or a degree from a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada.
If you have completed your education in foreign then you must have an educational credential assessment (ECA) report from an approved agency that shows that your education is equivalent to complete certificate, diploma or degree from a secondary or post-secondary school of Canada.
Points will be given according to your educational qualification as below:
|Education||Maximum 25 points|
|University degree at the Doctoral (PhD) level or equal||25|
|University degree at the Master’s level or equal OR University level entry-to-practice professional degree (or equal). Occupation-related to the degree must be:
NOC 2016 Skill Level A, and
licensed by a provincial regulatory body
|Two or more Canadian post-secondary degrees or diplomas or equal (at least one must be for a program of at least three years)||22|
|Canadian post-secondary degree or diploma for a program of three years or longer, or equal.||21|
|Canadian post-secondary degree or diploma for a two-year program, or equal.||19|
|Canadian post-secondary degree or diploma for a one-year program, or equal||15|
|Canadian high school diploma, or equal||5|
As such, there is no age limit for Federal skilled worker Program (FSWP) but there are points that will be given according to your age as mentioned below;
|18 to 35||12|
|47 and above||0|
Before applying for Canadian immigration under federal skilled worker you must have a full-time job offer of at least one year from a Canadian employer. A valid job offer should be paid, full-time, and continuous for at least one year. It should not be seasonal and should be listed in an occupation listed as skill type 0, skill type A or B of the NOC.
|You currently work in Canada on a temporary work permit and
your work permit is valid both when you apply and when the visa is issued (or you’re authorized to work in Canada without a work permit when your visa is issued)
IRCC issued your work permit based on a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). Your employer would’ve applied for the LMIA, which you then had to attach to your application to us
you’re working for an employer named on your work permit who has made a permanent job offer based on you being accepted as a skilled worker
|You currently work in Canada in a job that is exempt from the LMIA requirement under:
an international agreement (such as, the North America Free Trade Agreement) or
a federal-provincial agreement and
your work permit is valid both when you apply and when the visa is issued (or you’re authorized to work in Canada without a permit when your visa is issued)
your current employer has made a permanent job offer based on you being accepted as a skilled worker
|You currently don’t:
have a work permit, or
plan to work in Canada before you get a permanent resident visa
you’re currently working in Canada and a different employer has offered to give you a permanent full-time job
you’re currently working in Canada in a job that is exempt from a Labour Market Impact Assessment, but not under an international or federal-provincial agreement
an employer has:
made you a permanent job offer based on you being accepted as a skilled worker and
a positive LMIA from ESDC
Adaptability is the quality of being able to adjust to new conditions. So in terms of Canadian immigration, it refers to being able to adjust in Canada. You can get a maximum of 10 points for Adaptability as mentioned in the table given below;
|Adaptability||Maximum 10 points|
|Your spouse or partner’s language level
Your spouse or common-law partner has a language level in either English or French at CLB 4 level or higher in all four language abilities (speaking, listening, reading and writing).
|Your past study in Canada
You finished at least two academic years of full-time study (in a program at least two years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada. Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week, and you must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.
|Your spouse or partner’s past study in Canada
Your spouse or common-law partner finished at least two academic years of full-time study (in a program at least two years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada. Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week, and your spouse or partner must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.
|Your past work in Canada
You did at least one year of full-time work in Canada: Ø in a job listed in Skill Type 0 or Skill Levels A or B of the National occupational certification and,Ø with a valid work permit or while authorized to work in Canada
|Your spouse or common-law partner’s past work in Canada
Your spouse/partner did at least one year of full-time work in Canada on a valid work permit or while authorized to work in Canada.
|Arranged Employment in Canada
You earned points under Factor 5: Arranged Employment.
|Relatives in Canada
You, or if it applies, your spouse or common-law partner, have a relative: living in Canada , 18 years or older and a Canadian citizen or permanent residents relative must be, parent , grandparent , child , grandchild , child of a parent (sibling) , child of a grandparent (aunt or uncle) , grandchild of a parent (niece or nephew)
The below mentioned steps will give you an overview on how to apply for Canada Permanent Resident Visa:
ECA stands for Educational Credential Assessment. The purpose of getting ECA done is to know your education’s equivalency to that with Canadian standards. There are different assessing bodies in Canada which assesses your educational degrees depending on the field of study.
IELTS (International English Language Testing Standards) is a language proficiency test. Canadian authorities mandatorily require a language test to know your English language ability in Speaking, Writing, Reading & Listening. Make sure you score more than CLB (Canadian Language Benchmark) 8 to be eligible for the next step
To excel in your IELTS, get professional assistance and study material kit from Talent Connected World Wide.
Filling Express Entry application is an online process. You can file your Express Entry under any of these three streams- Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), Canadian Experience Class (CEC).
FSWP is a stream for highly skilled professionals whereas FSTP is for trade personnel (semi-skilled/unskilled labourers). CEC stream is for those candidates who are having a prior experience in Canada or with Canadian firm operating inside Canada.
A CRS score intakes your credentials such as age, educational qualification, work experience, English French language ability, etc. and gives out points accordingly. Maximum points you can earn on your credentials are:
You can apply for a Provincial Nomination Program if you are willing to reside and work in a particular province of Canada. If you manage to get a nomination, then extra CRS of 600 points will be awarded to you. Consequently, your chances of selection for Canada Permanent Residence visa increases.
After submitting your Express Entry Profile, you will reach the Express Entry pool. The pool consists of all other applicants like you who aspire to get a PR visa to Canada. CIC conducts regular draws (every fortnight) and invites applicants from the pool with highest scores.
After being selected from the pool, CIC will issue you an Invitation to Apply (ITA). ITA is a key to the final door of Canada PR visa! Within 60 days post receiving ITA, comply with documentation and get your Permanent Residence Visa to Canada!
A Permanent Resident Visa is valid for a period of 5 years after which it can be renewed. One can also apply for Citizenship of Canada after getting Permanent Resident Status! To become a lawful citizen of Canada, you first need to apply for Permanent Resident Visa. It is only after spending 3 consecutive years in the country; one is able to apply for Citizenship Test.
After an applicant receives invitation to apply (ITA), Citizenship and Immigration Canada has steadfast to process the visa applications within a period of six months or less.
Note that Permanent Residency/ PR visa is the only way out to be a Citizen of Canada.
We strongly recommend that you visit the following links for detailed information on key aspects of Canada Express entry Program: Express Entry-
Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)
Express Entry Visa Application Process timings
Express Entry - job bank
Express Entry - Provincial Nomination
Canada FSW selection Criteria - Point System
Canada Express Entry Eligibility occupation List – 2015
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